IL-4 Serum Level Estimation in Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Patients
Back Ground: Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) is a long-term blood disease that has an excess production of mature hematopoietic pluripotent stem cells in the bone marrow. In the early fifties, W. Dameshek structured the Myeloproliferative disorders that are at present the World Health Organization (WHO) changed it to Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPNs). According to the Iraqi cancer registry, Chronic Myeloproliferative disorders in the male is 0.62% and the incidence rate is 0.36, in female Chronic Myeloproliferative disorders (45 case) is 0.31% and the incidence rate is 0.24. The JAK2-V617F genetic mutation is approximately seventy percent of the Myeloproliferative Neoplasm cases. Interleukin-4 plasma and serum levels are significantly increased in MPNs different types.
Objectives: The goal of this study is to estimate the IL-4 serum levels in the JAK2-V617F negative and positive mutation in the Iraqi MPNs patients.
Materials and Methods: Total of (60) patients screened by cohort prospective study of having MPN who are patients presented to the National Center of Hematology / Al-Mustansiriyah University. Depending on the JAK2-V617F genetic mutation we classified our MPNs cases into 3 groups: JAK2-V617F negative (N: 20), JAK2-V617F positive (N: 40) and control group (10). Blood sample (5) ml was obtained from each individual in each group, by venipuncture using disposable syringes for IL-4 serum estimation by Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) technique.
Results: A clear indication of significant differences was observed between IL-4 serum level in JAK2-V617F negative samples and control samples (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: The IL-4 serum level is high in MPNs patients, which is one of the immune evading mechanisms of the cancerous acting to imbalance the Th1/Th2 ratio and enhancing the anti-apoptotic activity inside those cells.